Grammar Problems 1

よくある文法の問題

もし英語を流暢に話したければ、文法を正しく理解することがとても重要です。
多くの日本人学生は、この重要な文法の問題に苦労しています。今週のミニレッスンでMike先生がその違いを説明します。

In this blog post we will take a closer look at how to use two tenses in one conversation.

Present perfect vs. Simple past

First we need to look at how and when we use both tenses:

Present perfect

One of the ways we use the present perfect tense is to express experiences in the past when the point in time is not relevant or it is not important.

Simple past

We use the the simple past to express a finished action in the past or to talk about an experience giving the time frame of when it happened.

It is very common to hear and use these tenses within the same conversation.

For example:

A: Have you been to London?

B: Yes, I have.

A: When did you go?

B: I went two years ago, in 2016.

Let’s look at the conversation in detail.

Present perfect:

A: Have you been to London?

Here, we are asking if at any time this person has been to London or not. For the moment, the time period is not relevant.

B: Yes, I have.

Here, we know this person has been to London but we still don’t know when.

Simple past:

A: When did you go?

Here we want to know the exact time period so we use the simple past.

B: I went to years ago, in 2016.

As you can see, here, we use the simple past because it is giving us the exact time of the action. This action (visiting London) is now finished.

無料体験レッスン   アクセス   Tel: 06-4397-0170 Facebook

  

Contact Us

天王寺校
羽曳野古市校
大阪西長堀校

06-4397-0170
06-4397-0170
06-6532-3707

大阪市阿倍野区旭町1-1-9 ヨドノビル7階
羽曳野市栄町2−1白帆ビル3階
大阪市西区新町3-6-17 GSハイム10階